Uluru. Moves are supported for the reintroduction of locally extinct animals such as malleefowl, common brushtail possum, rufous hare-wallaby or mala, bilby, burrowing bettong, and the black-flanked rock-wallaby.[12][13]. It is in the Western Desert, in the middle of Australia. Uluru is a sacred site to the Anangu tribes of Central Australia, the indigenous peoples of the Western Desert. [20][21], Archaeological findings to the east and west indicate that humans settled in the area more than 10,000 years ago.[18]. The government, however, set access to climb Uluru and a 99-year lease, instead of the previously agreed upon 50-year lease, as conditions before the title was officially given back to the Aṉangu on 26 October 1985. Pronunciation. fr Par exemple, les Hopis et les Navajos n'ont pas réussi à empêcher la création d'une station de ski à San Francisco Peaks en Arizona426. Uluru, also called Ayers Rock, is a name given to a huge rock near Alice Springs in the Australian Outback and located in Uluṟu-Kata Tjuṯa National Park. The ancestors of the ranges to the south were once much larger than the eroded remnants we see today. [47] Large rainfall events occurred in 2016[48] and 2020. Translation for 'Uluru' in the free English-Dutch dictionary and many other Dutch translations. On 11 December 1983, the Prime Minister of Australia, Bob Hawke, promised to hand back the land title to the Aṉangu traditional custodians and caretakers and agreed to the community's 10-point plan which included forbidding the climbing of Uluru. Uluru translation in English-French dictionary. The strata dip below the surrounding plain and no doubt extend well beyond Uluru in the subsurface, but the extent is not known. Uluru, also known as Ayers Rock, is a large sandstone rock formation in the southern part of the Northern Territory, central Australia. The same word can also be used for ‘goodbye’, ‘thank you’ and ‘finish’. The Mutitjulu Arkose is believed to be of about the same age as the conglomerate at Kata Tjuta, and to have a similar origin despite the rock type being different, but it is younger than the rocks exposed to the east at Mount Conner,[6] and unrelated to them. It is sometimes reported that those who take rocks from the formation will be cursed and suffer misfortune. For other uses, see, Large sandstone isolated mount in Australia. [10] When relatively fresh, the rock has a grey colour, but weathering of iron-bearing minerals by the process of oxidation gives the outer surface layer of rock a red-brown rusty colour. Europeans arrived in the Australian Western Desert in the 1870s. Due to the effects of grazing and drought, bush food stores became depleted. The order of the dual names was officially reversed to "Uluru / Ayers Rock" on 6 November 2002 following a request from the Regional Tourism Association in Alice Springs.[4]. [2], Modern science shows that they have lived around Uluru for more than 40,000 years. [6] The rock fragments include subrounded basalt, invariably replaced to various degrees by chlorite and epidote. One such account, taken from Robert Layton's (1989) Uluru: An Aboriginal history of Ayers Rock,[18] reads as follows: Uluru was built up during the creation period by two boys who played in the mud after rain. Uluru and Kata Tjuta were first mapped by Europeans in 1872 during the expeditionary period made possible by the construction of the Australian Overland Telegraph Line. There are a number of differing accounts given, by outsiders, of Aboriginal ancestral stories for the origins of Uluru and its many cracks and fissures. Uluru or Ayers Rock is a gigantic sandstone rock formation located in the southern region of the Northern Territory in central Australia around 208 miles southwest of Alice Springs.Despite what people believe Ayers Rock is not the biggest rock in the world, and not even in Australia, as Mount Augustus in western Australia is more then twice the size. (2002). [6] The grains are typically 2–4 millimetres (0.079–0.157 in) in diameter, and are angular to subangular; the finer sandstone is well sorted, with sorting decreasing with increasing grain size. In 1975, a reservation of 104 square kilometres (40 sq mi) of land beyond the park's northern boundary, 15 kilometres (9 mi) from Uluru, was approved for the development of a tourist facility and an associated airport, to be known as Yulara. Uluru { proper } giant rock in Australia. Uluru, also called Ayers Rock, is a name given to a huge rock near Alice Springs in the Australian Outback and located in Uluṟu-Kata Tjuṯa National Park. 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